Jalapeno chilies are the backbone of Mexican and Southwestern cuisine. They are the most recognizable chili in America. Usually 2-4 inches long and ½ to 1 inch in diameter, this amazing little pepper packs a powerful punch. They grow in a variety of soil, but prefer the warmer temperatures of southwestern United States and their native lands in Mexico.
Jalapenos are grown mainly in California, New Mexico, and Texas. They are a perennial plant and one bush will flower and fruit several times a year. Several thousand acres per year are dedicated to growing this favorite chili. I planted my first jalapeno bush last year, which gave us fresh chilies throughout most of the year and we are still getting fruit this year. It was so exciting to go out and hand pick chilies for salsas and soups.